In April of 2012, we wrote a blog post about the Norfolk four course, an 18th century innovation in crop rotation. The principles behind this system have informed many of Seven Trees’ current growing practices, only scaled down to fit our space and time.
We recently received a notice that someone had linked back to this blog post, so naturally we were curious. A few clicks led us to a blog written by someone in training at a working historical farm in…..Norfolk! at the Gressenhall Farm and Workhouse. From their website:
In 1776 the combined parishes of Mitford and Launditch bought Chapel Farm at Gressenhall to build a ‘house of industry’ for the poor.
In 1834 the Poor Law Amendment Act led to the transformation of the house of industry into a workhouse. The aim was to keep costs low by making life for the paupers so unpleasant that people would do everything they could to avoid having to live there.
A new system of classification separated men, women and children. Work included breaking stones, pumping water, carting gravel and oakum picking for men and domestic chores in the kitchens, laundry and female wards for women. The only benefits were the health care and education.
The workhouse closed in 1948. After a short period of time as a home for the elderly, Gressenhall Farm and Workhouse opened as a museum in 1976.
The animals on Gressenhall Farm are all East Anglian breeds that would have been common in our farmyards 100 years ago:
• Red Poll cattle
• Norfolk Horn sheep
• Suffolk sheep
• Southdown sheep
• British White cows
• Suffolk Punch horses
• Marsh Daisy chickens
• Norfolk Black turkeys
• Large Black pigs
There is a lot to explore on the website alone, so if historical farm geekery is your thing, dig in and click around!
I don’t think the humans of Seven Trees have too many ancestors from that area, but we added it to the list of potential stops when we make our big ancestral tour in the next few years.
July 9th is a holiday in the Asatru calendar, also known as Haymoon 9; the day of remembrance for Unn (or Aud) the Deep-Minded. Unn was a powerful figure from the Laxdaela Saga who emigrated to Scotland to avoid the hostility of King Harald Finehair. She was the second daughter of Ketil Flatnose, a Norwegian hersir, and Yngvid Ketilsdóttir, daughter of Ketill Wether, a hersir from Ringarike. Aud married Olaf the White (Oleif), son of King Ingjald, who had named himself King of Dublin after going on voyages to Britain and then conquering the shire of Dublin. They had a son named Thorstein the Red. After Oleif was killed in battle in Ireland, Aud and Thorstein journeyed to the Hebrides. Thorstein married there and had many children; he also became a great warrior king, conquering over half of Scotland; however, he was killed in battle after being betrayed by his people. After this happened Aud, who was at Caithness, learned of her son’s death and built a Knarr, a Viking era ship commonly built for Atlantic voyages.
She did this secretly in the forest possibly because women were not allowed to be in possession of these ships, or because she did not want anyone to know that she was building one. After its completion, Aud sailed to the Orkneys. There she married off one of her granddaughters, Groa, the daughter of Thorstein the Red. Aud then set off for Iceland. As a settler in Iceland she continued to exhibit all those traits which were her hallmark-strong will, a determination to control, dignity, and a noble character. In the last days of her life, she established a mighty line choosing one of her grandsons as her heir. She died during his wedding celebration, and received a typical Nordic ship burial, surrounded by her treasure and her reputation for great deeds.
Read more about Unn/Aud here – Aud the Deep-Minded